The development of chemical fiber oil agent.
The development of chemical fiber oil agent has been five generations. In the 1950s, conventional spinning process was used to make ordinary polyester filament, nylon yarn and spinning. The first generation of oil is mainly mineral oil, adding emulsifier and antistatic agent. In the 1960s, the production of textured yarn and industrial silk increased the heat resistance of the oil agent, and developed the second-generation oil agent with fatty acid ester as the main body. In the early 1970s to the medium term, a third-generation oil agent was developed for the use of fatty acid esters and epoxy propane/epoxy ethane and polyether. In the mid - to late 1970s, the high - speed spinning process adopted the fourth - generation oil agent, which was dominated by epoxy propane/epoxy ethane polyether. From the 1980 s to the early 90 s, chemical fiber filament to high-speed development, super high speed and more functional fiber, adapt to development of modified epoxy propane/epoxy ethane polyether and low friction, heat resistant, easy to wet the special function such as ingredients and additives of the fifth generation of agents. Chemical fiber oil agent is mainly composed of smooth softening agent, concentrated agent, antistatic agent, emulsifier, balance regulator and so on. In the process of preparation of agents, a surfactant alone is difficult to adapt to the requirements, must be of different types of surfactant mixed together, mutual complement each other, and develop its coordination effect.
Our country's textile industry is an important industry of the people's livelihood, is obvious international competitive advantage industry, both in quite long period of time will never change, only to ensure that the textile industry in the position in national economy, to ensure the healthy development of the textile industry. The textile industry adjustment and revitalization plan adopted by the state council emphasizes that "textile industry is the traditional pillar industry of China's national economy". Its significance from the domestic situation, the textile industry for quite a long time will be the important industry of the people's livelihood, the huge consumption of 1.3 billion decision must rely on China's textile industry to meet the domestic demand market; The textile industry employs 20 million people, 80 percent of whom are from rural areas, and the livelihood of the 100 million farmers. From the international situation, the textile industry is one of China's international competitive advantages obvious industry, has a complete industrial chain in the global textile industry pattern, matching ability, professional division of labor clear, low labor costs, an irreplaceable position in the global textile trade market occupies about a third of the market share, and in quite a long time, the pattern will not change.
At present, China's textile export market is the United States, Europe, Japan and other developed countries and regions. Despite the great volatility of the market in 2008, China's total direct export to the United States did not increase, but the market share increased by 1.75%, and the total eu export volume increased by 37%. Second, southeast Asia's neighboring countries, China's textile industry and southeast Asian neighbors have become increasingly close to the industrial chain. In 2008, the export of chemical fiber, yarn, fabric and so on has increased significantly. The third is the Russia, Latin America and Africa, the textile and clothing to the fast growing demand for emerging markets, but as a result of its processing capacity is insufficient, also provides a good opportunity for Chinese textile industry. In addition, the international financial crisis, the international market of high-grade brand products consumption has fallen dramatically, and popular product consumption continues to rise, China's enterprises, through product quality and cheap price growth in sales growth, promoting the international market share of Chinese textiles.
The development prospect of the world textile fiber oil agent is good.